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1850-1920ContentsIntroductionChapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3

Chapter 4Chapter 5Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8Chapter 9

Chapter 10Chapter 11AppendicesBiographyBibliography

[IIreland 1850-1920 Copyright © 2005 by Desmond Keenan. Book available from and]

Biographical Notes

Biographical Notes


Abercorn, 2nd Marquis of, (1811-85) James Hamilton, Conservative, Lord Lieutenant 1866-68, 1874-76 (Duke of Abercorn 1868).

Aberdeen, 4th Earl of, (1784-1860) George Hamilton-Gordon, Conservative, Prime Minister 1852-55.

Aberdeen, 7th Earl of, (1847-1934) John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon, Conservative, Lord Lieutenant 1886, 1905-1915.

Anderson. Sir John (1882-1958) civil servant, joint Under-secretary 1920-22.

Balfour, Arthur James (1848-1930) Conservative, Chief Secretary 1887-91, Prime Minister 1902-05.

Balfour, Gerald William (1853-1945), younger brother of Arthur Balfour, Conservative, Chief Secretary 1895-1900.

Beresford, John George, (1773-1862) Protestant Archbishop of Armagh 1822-62.

Birrell, Augustine, (1850-1933) Conservative, Chief Secretary 1907-16.

Bourke, Richard Southwell (1822-72) Lord Naas, Conservative, Chief Secretary 1852-3, 1858-9, succeeded as 6th Earl of Mayo 1867, Governor General of India 1869-72.

Bryce, James, (1838-1922) Liberal, Chief Secretary 1905-07.

Buller, Sir Redvers Henry (1839-1908) Major General, Under-secretary 1886-7.

Burke, Thomas Henry (1829-1882) civil servant, Under-secretary 1869-1882, murdered beside Lord Frederick Cavendish.

Cadogan, 5th Earl, (1858-1945) George Henry Cadogan, Conservative, Lord Lieutenant 1895-1902.

Campbell-Bannerman, Sir Henry (knighted 1894), Liberal, Chief Secretary 1884-5, Prime Minister 1905-08.

Cardwell, Edward (1813-86) Liberal, Chief Secretary 1859-61, later Viscount.

Carlisle, 7th Earl of Carlisle, (1802-1864) George William Frederick Howard (Lord Morpeth), Liberal, Chief Secretary 1835-1840, Lord Lieutenant 1855-8, 1859.

Carnarvon, 4th Earl of, (1831-90) Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, Conservative, Lord Lieutenant 1885-86.

Carson, Sir Edward (1854-1935), lawyer, Unionist.

Cavendish, Lord Frederick Charles, (1836-82) son of 7th Duke of Devonshire and brother of the Marquis of Hartington, Liberal, appointed Chief Secretary May 1882, assassinated when he arrived to take up office.

Chalmers, Sir Robert, (1858-1938) civil servant, temporary Under-secretary 1916.

Clarendon, 4th Earl of, (1800-1870) George William Frederick Villiers, Liberal, Lord Lieutenant 1847-1852.

Cairns, Hugh McCalmont (1819-1885) lawyer, Conservative,Lord Chancellor of England, defender of the Irish Church, Evangelical.

Collins, Michael (1890-1922) Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Volunteers, Sinn Fein.

Cooke, Rev. Henry, (1788-1868), Presbyterian minister, leader of ‘Subscribing’ Presbyterians.

Cosgrave William Thomas, (1880-1965) Sinn Fein and Irish Volunteers.

Cowper, 7th Earl, (1834-1905) Francis Thomas de Grey Cowper, Liberal, Lord Lieutenant 1880-82

Cullen, Archbishop Paul, (1803-1878) Catholic Archbishop of Armagh 1850-52, of Dublin 1852-78, cardinal 1866.

Craig, James, (1871-1940) stockbroker, volunteer in Boer War with rank of Captain, Unionist politician, baronet 1918.

Crawford, William Sharman (1781-1861) Federalist and advocate of ‘Tenant Right’.

Davitt, Michael, (1846-1906) printer, Irish Republican Brotherhood, Land League.

De Valera, Eamonn (1882-1975) mathematics lecturer, Irish Volunteers, Sinn Fein.

Devon, 11th Earl of Devon, (1807-88) William Reginald Courteny, agriculturalist and farming improver.

Dillion, John (1851-1927) Nationalist politician.

Disraeli, Benjamin (Earl of Beaconsfield 1876), (1804-81) Liberal, Prime Minister 1868, 1874-80.

Dudley, 2nd Earl, (1867-1932) William Humble Ward, Conservative, Lord Lieutenant 1902-1905.

Duffy, Charles Gavan, 1816-1903) Journalist and politician, Nationalist.

Duke, Henry (1859-1939) Unionist, Chief Secretary 1916-18.

Dyke, Sir William Hart, (1837-1931) 7th baronet, Conservative, Chief Secretary 1885-6.

Edward VII, (1841-1910) Albert Edward of Saxe-Coburg, eldest son of Queen Victoria, Prince of Wales, king 1901-1910.

Eglinton, 13th Earl of, (1812-61) Archibald William Montgomerie, Conservative, Lord Lieutenant, 1853-1855, 1858, Earl of Winton 1859.

Enniskillen, 3rd Earl of Enniskillen, (1807-86) William Willoughby Cole, Conservative.

FitzAlan,  1st Viscount, (1855-1947) Edmond Bernard FitzAlan-Howard, Conservative. Lord Lieutenant 1921-22.

Forster, William Edward, (1818-86), Liberal, Chief Secretary 1880-82.

Fortescue, Chichester Samuel (1823-98) Liberal, strong supporter of Gladstone, Chief Secretary 1865-6, 1868-71, Baron Carlingford 1874

French, 1st Viscount,(1852-1925) John Denton Pinkstone French, Field Marshal, Lord Lieutenant 1818-21.

George V, (1865-1936) George Frederick Ernest Albert of Saxe-Coburg (Windsor after 1917), king 1910-1936.

Gladstone, William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898) Liberal, Prime Minister 1868-74, 1880-85, 1886, 1892-94.

Gray, Dr John, (1816-75) journalist, proprietor of Freeman’s Journal, Nationalist.

Greenwood, Sir Hamar, (baronet 1915), (1870-1948) Liberal, Chief Secretary 1920-22.

Griffith, Arthur, (1872-1922) journalist, Sinn Fein.

Griffith, Sir Richard, (1784-78) surveyor and valuer, after who the ‘Griffith valuations’ are named.

Hamilton, Sir Robert George (1836-95) civil servant,Under-secretary 1882-86.

Harrell, Sir David, (1841-1939) Royal Irish Constabulary, knighted 1893, Under-secretary 1893-1902.

Hartington, Marquis of, (1833-1908) Spencer Compton Cavendish, Liberal, Chief Secretary 1871-74, prominent in the Liberal Party, 1891 succeeded his father as 8th Duke of Devonshire.

Healy, Timothy Michael, (1855-1931)Nationalist, first Governor General of Irish Free State 1922-28.

Henry, Dr Shuldam (1801-81) Presbyterian minister, educationalist.

Herbert, Henry Arthur, Liberal, Chief Secretary 1857.

Hickey, Rev William, (1787-1875), clergyman, philanthropist, writer on agricultural improvement.

Hicks Beach, Sir Michael, (1837-1916) 9th baronet, Conservative, Chief Secretary 1874-78, 1886-7.

Horsman, Edward, (1807-76) Liberal, Chief Secretary 1855-57, later chief of the ‘Adullamites’.

Houghton, 2nd Baron (1858-1945) Robert Offley Ashburton Milnes, Liberal, Lord Lieutenant 1892-95.

Jachson, William Lawies (1840-1917) Conservative, Chief Secretary 1891-2

Kane, Sir Robert John, (1809-1890) scienitist, President of Queen’s College, Cork.

Larcom, Sir Thomas Aiskew, (1801-79) Royal Engineers, Under-secretary 1853-68, major general 1858, knighted 1860.

Londonderry, 6th Marquis of, (1852-1915) Charles Stewart Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Conservative, Lord Lieutenant 1886-89.

Long, Walter Hume, (1854-1924) Conservative, Chief Secretary 1905.

Lowther, James (1840-1904) Conservative, Chief Secretary 1878-80.

MacDonnell, Sir Anthony Patrick, (1844-1925) Indian civil service, knighted 1903, Under-secretary 1902-1908, baron 1908.

MacHale, Archbishop John MacHale, (1791-1881) Catholic archbishop of Tuam 1834-81.

MacPherson, (James) Ian, (1880-1937), Liberal, Chief Secretary 1919-20.

Marlborough, 6th Duke of, (1822-83) John Winston Spencer Churchill, Conservative, Lord Lieutenant 1876-1880.

Montgomery, Rev Henry, (1788-1865) Prsbyterian minister, leader of ‘Non-subscribing’ Presbyterians.

Morley, John (1839-1923) Liberal, Chief Secretary Feb to Aug 1886, 1892-94, helped to frame First Home Rule Bill.

Napier, Sir Joseph (1804-82) Conservative, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, leading member of the Irish Church, Evangelical.

Nathan, Sir Matthew, (1862-1939) Lt. Colonel, Under-secretary 1914-16.

Newman, Dr John Henry (1801-90) English Catholic clergyman, Rector of Catholic University, Dublin 1854-58, cardinal 1879.

O’Brien, William (1852-1928) Nationalist politician.

Palmerston, 3rd Viscount, (1784-1865) nominally Irish peer and landowner, Conservative, Prime Minister 1855-58, 1859-65.

Pearse Patrick Henry, (1879-1916) teacher, propagandist, Irish Republican Brotherhood, Irish Volunteers.

Peel, Sir Robert, (1822-95) 3rd baronet, son of Sir Robert Peel the Prime Minister, Conservative, Chief Secretary 1861-65.

Pius IX (Pio Nono), (1792-1878) Giovanni Mastai-Ferretti, Pope 1846-78.

Redington, Sir Thomas (knighted 1849), (1815-62) Liberal, Under-secretary 1846-52.

Redmond, John Edward, (1856-1918) Nationalist politician.

Ridgeway, Sir Joseph West (1844-1930) Colonel, Under-secretary 1887-1893.

Roden, 3rd Earl of, (1788-1870) Robert Jocelyn, Irish Conservative peer, a lay leader of the Evangelicals.

Russell, 1st Earl, (1792-1878) Lord John Russell, Liberal, Prime Minister 1846-52, 1865.

St. Germans, 3rd Earl of, (1798-1877) Edward Granville Eliot (Lord Eliot),Conservative, Chief Secretary 1841-45, Lord Lieutenant 1853-55.

Saunderson, Col. Edward James, 1837-1906, leading Ulster politician from 1885 to 1906.

Shortt Edward (1862-1935), Liberal, Chief Secretary 1918-19.

Smith, William Henry, (1825-91) Liberal, head of the firm of newsagents W.H. Smith, briefly Chief Secretary 1886.

Spencer, 5th Earl, (1835-1910) John Poyntz Spencer, Liberal, Lord Lieutenant 1868-74, 1882-85.

Stephens, James (1825-1901) Irish Republican Brotherhood organiser.

Trevelyn, Sir George Otto (1838-1928) 2nd baronet, Liberal, appointed Chief Secretary after the murder of Lord Frederick Cavendish 1882-84.

Victoria, Queen, (1819-1901) Alexandrina Victoria of Brunswick, queen from 1837 to 1901.

Wetherall, Sir Edward, Major General (1869), Under-secretary 1868-9.

Whately, Archbishop Richard, (1787-1863) Liberal, Protestant archbishop of Dublin 1831-63.

Wilson-Patten, John, (1802-92) Conservative, Chief Secretary 1868.

Wimborne, 2nd Baron, (1873-1939) Ivor Churchill Guest, Liberal, Lord Lieutenant 1915-18.

Wodehouse, 3rd Baron (1826-1902) John Wodehouse, Liberal, Lord Lieutenant 1864-66 (Earl of Kimberley 1866).

Wyndham, George, (1863-1913) Conservative, Chief Secretary 1900-1905.

Young, Sir John, (1807-76, Conservative, Chief Secretary 1853-55.

Zetland, 3rd Earl of, () Lawrence Dundas, Conservative, Lord Lieutenant 1889-92



Copyright Desmond J. Keenan, B.S.Sc.; Ph.D. ;.London, U.K.